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October 22, 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis

In a televised speech of extraordinary gravity, President John F. Kennedy announces that U.S. spy planes have discovered Soviet missile bases in Cuba. These missile sites—under construction but nearing completion—housed medium-range missiles capable of striking a number of major cities in the United States, including Washington, D.C. Kennedy announced that he was ordering a naval “quarantine” of Cuba to prevent Soviet ships from transporting any more offensive weapons to the island and explained that the United States would not tolerate the existence of the missile sites currently in place. The president made it clear that America would not stop short of military action to end what he called a “clandestine, reckless, and provocative threat to world peace.”

What is known as the Cuban Missile Crisis actually began on October 15, 1962—the day that U.S. intelligence personnel analyzing U-2 spy plane data discovered that the Soviets were building medium-range missile sites in Cuba. The next day, President Kennedy secretly convened an emergency meeting of his senior military, political, and diplomatic advisers to discuss the ominous development. The group became known as ExCom, short for Executive Committee. After rejecting a surgical air strike against the missile sites, ExCom decided on a naval quarantine and a demand that the bases be dismantled and missiles removed. On the night of October 22, Kennedy went on national television to announce his decision. During the next six days, the crisis escalated to a breaking point as the world tottered on the brink of nuclear war between the two superpowers.

On October 23, the quarantine of Cuba began, but Kennedy decided to give Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev more time to consider the U.S. action by pulling the quarantine line back 500 miles. By October 24, Soviet ships en route to Cuba capable of carrying military cargoes appeared to have slowed down, altered, or reversed their course as they approached the quarantine, with the exception of one ship—the tanker Bucharest. At the request of more than 40 nonaligned nations, U.N. Secretary-General U Thant sent private appeals to Kennedy and Khrushchev, urging that their governments “refrain from any action that may aggravate the situation and bring with it the risk of war.” At the direction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. military forces went to DEFCON 2, the highest military alert ever reached in the postwar era, as military commanders prepared for full-scale war with the Soviet Union.

On October 25, the aircraft carrier USS Essex and the destroyer USS Gearing attempted to intercept the Soviet tanker Bucharest as it crossed over the U.S. quarantine of Cuba. The Soviet ship failed to cooperate, but the U.S. Navy restrained itself from forcibly seizing the ship, deeming it unlikely that the tanker was carrying offensive weapons. On October 26, Kennedy learned that work on the missile bases was proceeding without interruption, and ExCom considered authorizing a U.S. invasion of Cuba. The same day, the Soviets transmitted a proposal for ending the crisis: The missile bases would be removed in exchange for a U.S. pledge not to invade Cuba.

The next day, however, Khrushchev upped the ante by publicly calling for the dismantling of U.S. missile bases in Turkey under pressure from Soviet military commanders. While Kennedy and his crisis advisers debated this dangerous turn in negotiations, a U-2 spy plane was shot down over Cuba, and its pilot, Major Rudolf Anderson, was killed. To the dismay of the Pentagon, Kennedy forbid a military retaliation unless any more surveillance planes were fired upon over Cuba. To defuse the worsening crisis, Kennedy and his advisers agreed to dismantle the U.S. missile sites in Turkey but at a later date, in order to prevent the protest of Turkey, a key NATO member.

On October 28, Khrushchev announced his government’s intent to dismantle and remove all offensive Soviet weapons in Cuba. With the airing of the public message on Radio Moscow, the USSR confirmed its willingness to proceed with the solution secretly proposed by the Americans the day before. In the afternoon, Soviet technicians began dismantling the missile sites, and the world stepped back from the brink of nuclear war. The Cuban Missile Crisis was effectively over. In November, Kennedy called off the blockade, and by the end of the year all the offensive missiles had left Cuba. Soon after, the United States quietly removed its missiles from Turkey.

The Cuban Missile Crisis seemed at the time a clear victory for the United States, but Cuba emerged from the episode with a much greater sense of security. A succession of U.S. administrations have honored Kennedy’s pledge not to invade Cuba, and the communist island nation situated just 80 miles from Florida remains a thorn in the side of U.S. foreign policy. The removal of antiquated Jupiter missiles from Turkey had no detrimental effect on U.S. nuclear strategy, but the Cuban Missile Crisis convinced a humiliated USSR to commence a massive nuclear buildup. In the 1970s, the Soviet Union reached nuclear parity with the United States and built intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of striking any city in the United States.

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Giants Pummel Royals From The Start In Game 1 World Series Win

A three-run first inning was all San Francisco needed to top Kansas City and steal home field advantage. They tacked on another four runs anyway to win 7-1.

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‘True Tori’ Premiere: Tori & Dean Have ‘Crazy Sex’ — Is She Pregnant?

‘True Tori’ is back with Season 2, and the emotions were at an all-time high. Click Here To Read The Full Story






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Amber Rose Tells Wiz Khalifa: I “Still Love You No Matter What”

Amber Rose Wiz Khalifa Tweets

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Amber Rose is expressing her everlasting love for estranged husband Wiz Khalifa just weeks after their bitter breakup.

As Gossip Cop reported, the couple split in late September after one year of marriage. Rose filed for divorce after suspecting Khalifa had been cheating on her while on tour. In turn, he apparently thought she was straying, too.

The possible thawing of tensions occurred on Tuesday, when Khalifa took to Twitter to wish Rose a happy birthday. In honor of the model’s 31st year, he tweeted, “Happy birthday Amb Click Here To Read The Full Story






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Kim Kardashian At 13 In 1994 Home Video: Remember Me As Young And Beautiful When I’m Famous! — WATCH!

Kim Kardashian Home Video

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Kim Kardashian apparently knew she’d be famous all the way back at her eighth grade graduation.

In honor of the star’s 34th birthday, “Entertainment Tonight” unearthed a 20-year-old home video of Kardashian bragging about how cool she is to the camera, and shutting down the “jealous” fellow students nearby. In the clip, the then-13-year-old Kardashian excitedly gushes about being the most “popular” girl around.

“Is everyone getting a tape of this? Because I hope you do so you can see me when I’m famous and older, and you’ll remember me [as]this beautiful little girl,” Kardashian tells the camera. She goes on to call herself “the dopest on the ropest person in this class.” Yeah, we don’t know what that means either.

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She even seems to be standing next to school staffers when she says, “We have so many memories, but they’re going to miss me the most!” The footage also includes Kardashian dancing wildly at a party with mom Kris Jenner, then-stepdad Bruce Jenner, and sister Kourtney.

Kardashian indeed has grown up to become one of the most famous person worldwide, and well, a lot of that has to do with her looks. As Kat Dennings even just said on Tuesday’s “Ellen DeGeneres,” her ass is “amazing.”

Kris Jenner also celebrated Kardashian’s birthday today with a throwback. As Gossip Cop reported earlier, she posted an adorable photo of little Kim with her face painted.

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Teresa Giudice Begs Court: Let Me Serve Time In Halfway House Not Jail

Teresa was sentenced to 15 months in prison after pleading guilty to 41 counts of fraud. Click Here To Read The Full Story






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’19 Kids & Counting’: Jill Gets Baby Fever During Her Bridal Shower

With just one week to go until Jill’s wedding to Derick on ’19 Kids & Counting,’ the whole family is celebrating their upcoming wedding with a huge bridal shower. Click Here To Read The Full Story






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’19 Kids & Counting’: Jill Gets Baby Fever During Her Bridal Shower

With just one week to go until Jill’s wedding to Derick on ’19 Kids & Counting,’ the whole family is celebrating their upcoming wedding with a huge bridal shower. Click Here To Read The Full Story






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